To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of Synercid and other antibacterial drugs, Synercid should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by bacteria.
Preparation and administration of solution
- Reconstitute the 500 mg single dose vial by slowly adding 5 mL of 5% Dextrose in Water or Sterile Water for injection.
- GENTLY swirl the vial by manual rotation without shaking to ensure dissolution of contents while LIMITING FOAM FORMATION.
- Allow the solution to sit for a few minutes until all the foam has disappeared. The resulting solution should be clear. Vials reconstituted in this manner will give a solution of 100 mg/mL. CAUTION: FURTHER DILUTION REQUIRED BEFORE INFUSION.
- According to the patient's weight, the reconstituted Synercid solution should be added to 250 mL of 5% Dextrose solution. An infusion volume of 100 mL may be used for central line infusions.
- If moderate to severe venous irritation occurs following peripheral administration of Synercid diluted in 250 mL of Dextrose 5% in water, consideration should be given to increasing the infusion volume to 500 or 750 mL, changing the infusion site, or infusing by a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) or a central venous catheter.
- The desired dose should be administered by intravenous infusion over 60 minutes.
NOTE: As for other parenteral drug products, Synercid should be inspected visually for particulate matter prior to administration.
DO NOT DILUTE WITH SALINE SOLUTIONS BECAUSE SYNERCID IS NOT COMPATIBLE WITH THESE AGENTS. Synercid should not be mixed with, or physically added to, other drugs except for the following drugs where compatibility by Y-site injection has been established:
|Admixture and Concentration||IV Infusion Solutions for Admixture|
|Aztreonam 20 mg/mL||D5W|
|Ciprofloxacin 1 mg/mL||D5W|
|Fluconazole 2 mg/mL||Used as the undiluted solution|
|Haloperidol 0.2 mg/mL||D5W|
|Metoclopramide 5 mg/mL||D5W|
|Potassium Chloride 40 mEq/L||D5W|
|D5W = 5% Dextrose Injection|
If Synercid is to be given concomitantly with another drug, each drug should be given separately in accordance with the recommended dosage and route of administration for each drug.
With intermittent infusion of Synercid and other drugs through a common intravenous line, the line should be flushed before and after administration with 5% Dextrose in Water solution.
Reconstituted and Infusions Solutions
Because Synercid contains no antibacterial preservative, it should be reconstituted under strict aseptic conditions (e.g., Laminar Air Flow Hood). The reconstituted solution should be diluted within 30 minutes. Vials are for single use. The storage time of the diluted solution should be as short as possible to minimize the risk of microbial contamination. Stability of the diluted solution prior to the infusion is established as 5 hours at room temperature or 54 hours if stored under refrigeration 2 to 8°C (36 to 46°F). The solution should not be frozen.
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